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Shirin Neshat

Shirin Neshat (*1957, Qazvin) left her native Iran in 1974 to continue studying fine arts in the United States. Due to the Islamic Revolution in 1979, she was only able to return to Iran in 1990 after the death of Ayatollah Khomeini. Deeply affected by the changes in her country, in particular with regard to conditions for women, she turned her attention to the differences that can be found across western cultures as well as Islamic and eastern cultures. In Women of Allah, one of her first works, Neshat engages with the complexity of the identity of women who have committed themselves to religion to an extreme degree and evokes the notion of the martyr. The multiplicity and ambivalence of the gaze, be it western or Islamic, male or female, or based on reality and symbols – the veil and weapons in this instance – plays a crucial role in her art, as do questions of violence and poetry, the ‘symbolic voice of women’ as defined by the artist who blends images and texts in Farsi in this series. Concerned with going beyond stereotypes, she infuses her work with a strong political and social dimension and emphasises “the contradictions in those strong and proud women who take part in the revolutionary process, head off to war, their guns on their backs, and are still subject to the laws of the harem.”

Artworks

  1. Shirin Neshat Guardians of Revolution, 1994

    De la série Women of Allah
    Photographie noir et blanc 127 x 102 cm
    Collection Mudam Luxembourg
    Apport Focuna, Acquisition 1998
    © Photo : Christof Weber

  1. Shirin Neshat Whispers, 1997

    De la série Women of Allah
    Photographie noir et blanc 127 x 188 cm
    Collection Mudam Luxembourg
    Apport Focuna, Acquisition 1998
    © Photo : Christof Weber

Marina Abramović, "Video Portrait Gallery", 1975-1998 | Collection Mudam Luxembourg | Acquisition 2001
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